Shein SL, Maddux AB, Klein MJ, Bhalla A, Briassoulis G, Dahmer MK, Emeriaud G, Flori HR, Gedeit R, Ilia S, Kneyber MCJ, Napolitano N, Ohshimo S, Pons-Òdena M, Rubin S, White BR, Yehya N, Khemani R, Smith L; V4 PARDIE Investigators and the PALISI Network. Epidemiology and Outcomes of Critically Ill Children at Risk for Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Incidence and Epidemiology Study. Crit Care Med. 2021 Sep 27. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000005287. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34582416.
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Objectives: Interventional trials aimed at pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome prevention require accurate identification of high-risk patients. In this study, we aimed to characterize the frequency and outcomes of children meeting “at risk for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome” criteria as defined by the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference. Continue reading
Reilly JP, et al. Low to Moderate Air Pollutant Exposure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome after Severe Trauma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print]
RATIONALE: Exposure to air pollution has molecular and physiologic effects on the lung that may increase the risk of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) after injury.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of short and long-term air pollutant exposures and ARDS risk aftersevere trauma.
Gerard L, Bidoul T, Castanares-Zapatero D, et al. Open Lung Biopsy in Nonresolving Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Commonly Identifies Corticosteroid-Sensitive Pathologies, Associated With Better Outcome. Crit Care Med. 2018 Jun;46(6):907-914.
OBJECTIVES: Approximately half of the patients undergoing lung biopsy for nonresolving acute respiratory distress syndrome exhibit another histologic pattern than diffuse alveolar damage, with some of the pathologies characterized by a potential response to corticosteroids. This study aimed to assess whether open lung biopsy performed in the ICU for nonresolving acute respiratory distress syndrome was able to identify steroid-sensitive diseases and whether patients with a steroid-sensitive pathology experienced different clinical courses and outcomes.
Zubrow ME, et al. RBC Transfusions Are Associated With Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb;19(2):e88-e96.
OBJECTIVES: Blood products are often transfused in critically ill children, although recent studies have recognized their potential for harm. Translatability to pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome is unknown given that hypoxemia has excluded pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome patients from clinical trials. We aimed to determine whether an association exists between blood product transfusion and survival or duration of ventilation in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome.