Anesth Analg. 2013 Jul;117(1):61-4. PMID: 23687230
Rifampin is commonly used for the treatment of tuberculosis and staphylococcal infections, as well as for prevention of infection in cardiac valve and bone surgeries. We report a case of profound hypotension after anesthesia induction with propofol in a patient who was treated with two 600 mg doses of rifampin for prophylaxis of infection before surgery. In a retrospective case-control study of 75 patients, we confirmed this potentially serious drug-drug interaction. After rifampin, there was a significant and prolonged arterial blood pressure reduction when patients received propofol, but not thiopental.